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Using data to drive improvements in maternal health services and systems

Challenge we’re addressing

An imperfect picture
of quality of care

In Kenya, poor quality care is compounded by a data gap.

Few formal channels exist for mothers to have a say on their experiences of care, and local and county governments lack real-time insights on the gaps in the services and systems that support mothers and babies. Meanwhile, the perspective of frontline nurses is also missing. The result is an imperfect picture of quality of care, and resources do not reach where the need is greatest.

How this works

We co-design dashboards with our facility and government partners to give them visibility into the gaps preventing timely, quality care.
Our dashboards combine real-time data from mothers, nurses, and facilities to offer a unique window into a mother’s journey through the health system, from the quality of her first prenatal care visit, to the level of respect she received during delivery. Facilities and governments use these dashboards to make decisions about where to target improvements, and direct limited resources to where they are most needed. They also give mothers greater agency in the health system by linking their experiences with those making decisions about its improvement and financing.

Snapshot of Scale and Impact


Kenyan county governments using our dashboards

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data review meetings to assess and act on data

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weekly logins to dashboards by facility and county partners

What can we learn from our Dashboards?

We track what mothers ask us and self-report on PROMPTS to understand risks, optimize referral, and better understand quality of care from the client’s perspective and monitor how frontline nurses and midwives are performing through MENTORS to understand gaps in critical skills within facilities.


Which essential prenatal care steps were missed?

Which infant vaccines were missed by schedule?

How does respectful maternity care differ across facilities? 

What specific skills and knowledge gaps exist amongst providers?

Are facilities adequately equipped to handle emergencies?

Key Components

Finger-on-the-pulse insights to continuously improve quality of care
Our dashboards are co-created with nurses and health system managers to ensure they are useful and usable, and help them easily identify the ‘red flags’ in care quality.
Prenatal Care Graph G min
Prenatal Care Quality

After each prenatal check-up, PROMPTS asks mothers whether they received the appropriate clinical steps, from taking a urine test to having an abdominal exam. This feedback helps track and standardize the clinical quality of prenatal care across facilities, and dig into issues, from clinical and informational gaps, to systemic gaps like medicine stock-outs.

Respectful Care

PROMPTS routinely nudges mothers to share feedback on their experiences of care in facilities, including disrespectful care, lack of privacy, refusal of services, or discrimination. The feedback is aggregated into a map, helping rapidly identify and address ‘hotspots’ of disrespectful care.

Respectful Care G min
Infant Immunization Uptake G min 1
Infant Immunization Uptake
Mothers are continuously prompted to report on their newborn’s immunization status – from vaccines received to reasons for missed vaccines. The resulting data offers facility-level insights into gaps in infant immunization uptake, and helps identify issues like stock-outs.
Provider Skills & Knowledge

We’re able to connect what mothers are reporting with data from MENTORS on the skills of nurses on the ward. Our dashboards offer facility-level insights on gaps in essential EmONC skills and knowledge, incentivizing continuous improvements.

Provider Skills Knowledge G min 1
Our ambition is that our data tools become a go-to resource for governments to improve services and financial decision-making.

We co-design dashboards with our government partners to give them usable and useful data on health system gaps to complement national data systems, and to help them own them in the long term. Facility and government leaders help us decide what metrics we measure, and how the dashboards should look to help them easily identify and address ‘red flags’. Each month, we share these dashboards with facilities and county health leadership, and host routine data review sessions to support and monitor improvements based on gaps identified by data.

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County Reproductive Health Coordinator Caroline Macharia helped Jacaranda co-design dashboards to give her and her colleagues better visibility into the gaps hindering timely maternal care in Murang’a County.

Research and
Technical Deep Dives